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Título : Edaphic heterogeneity and the evolutionary trajectory of Amazonian plant communities
Palabras clave : Amazonia
Beta diversity
Community phylogenetics
Edaphic gradients
Nauta/Içá Formation
Pebas/Solimões Formation
Soil variation
,Species richness
Terra firme
Fecha de publicación : 2021
Citación : Lehtonen, S., Muscarella, R., Moulatlet, G., Balslev, H., & Tuomisto, H. (2021). Edaphic heterogeneity and the evolutionary trajectory of Amazonian plant communities. Ecology and Evolution, 11(24), 17672–17685. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.8477
Resumen : We investigated how the phylogenetic structure of Amazonian plant communities varies along an edaphic gradient within the non-inundated forests. Forty localities were sampled on three terrain types representing two kinds of soil: clayey soils of a high base cation concentration derived from the Solimões formation, and loamy soils with lower base cation concentration derived from the Içá formation and al luvial terraces. Phylogenetic community metrics were calculated for each locality for ferns and palms both with ferns as one group and for each of three fern clades with a crown group age comparable to that of palms. Palm and fern communities showed significant and contrasting phylogenetic signals along the soil gradient. Fern species richness increased but standard effect size of mean pairwise distance (SES. MPD) and variation of pairwise distances (VPD) decreased with increasing soil base cation concentration. In contrast, palm communities were more species rich on less cation-rich soils and their SES.MPD increased with soil base cation concentration. Species turnover between the communities reflected the soil gradient slightly better when based on species occurrences than when phylogenetic distances between the species were considered. Each of the three fern subclades behaved differently from each other and from the entire fern clade. The fern clade whose phylogenetic patterns were most similar to those of palms also resembled palms in being most species-rich on cation-poor soils. The phylogenetic structuring of local plant communities varies along a soil base cation concentration gradient within non-inundated Amazonian rain forests. Lineages can show either similar or different phylogenetic community struc ture patterns and evolutionary trajectories, and we suggest this to be linked to their environmental adaptations. Consequently, geological heterogeneity can be expected to translate into a potentially highly diverse set of evolutionarily distinct community assembly pathways in Amazonia and elsewhere
URI : http://repositorio.ikiam.edu.ec/jspui/handle/RD_IKIAM/505
ISSN : https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.8477
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