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Título : Anti-platelet aggregation activity of two novel acidic Asp49-phospholipases A2 from Bothrops brazili snake venom
Autor : Sobrinho, Juliana C.
Kayano, Anderson M.
Simões Silva, Rodrigo
Alfonso, Jorge
Gomez, Ana F.
Gomez, Maria C.
Zanchi, Fernando B.
Moura, Laura A.
Souza, Vivian R.
Fuly, André L.
de Oliveira, Eliandrede
da Silva, Saulo L.
de Almeida, José R.
Zuliani, Juliana P.
Soares, Andreimar M.
Palabras clave : Bothrops brazili
Snake venom
Acidic phospholipases A2
Anti-platelet aggregation activity
Fecha de publicación : 2018
Editorial : Elsevier
Citación : Sobrinho, J. C., Kayano, A. M., Simões-Silva, R., Alfonso, J. J., Gomez, A. F., Gomez, M. C. V., … Soares, A. M. (2018). Anti-platelet aggregation activity of two novel acidic Asp49-phospholipases A 2 from Bothrops brazili snake venom. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, 107(PartA), 1014–1022. doi: 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2017.09.069
Resumen : Phospholipases A2 (PLA2s) are important enzymes present in snake venoms and are related to a wide spectrum of pharmacological effects, however the toxic potential and therapeutic effects of acidic isoforms have not been fully explored and understood. Due to this, the present study describes the isolation and biochemical characterization of two new acidic Asp49-PLA2s from Bothrops brazili snake venom, named Braziliase-I and Braziliase-II. The venom was fractionated in three chromatographic steps: ion exchange, hydrophobic interaction and reversed phase. The isoelectric point (pI) of the isolated PLA2s was determined by two-dimensional electrophoresis, and 5.2 and 5.3 pIs for Braziliase-I and II were observed, respectively. The molecular mass was determined with values ​​of 13,894 and 13,869 Da for Braziliase-I and II, respectively. Amino acid sequence by Edman degradation and mass spectrometry completed 87% and 74% of the sequences, respectively for Braziliase-I and II. Molecular modeling of isolated PLA2s using acid PLA2BthA-I-PLA2 from B. jararacussu template showed high quality. Both acidic PLA2s showed no significant myotoxic activity, however they induced significant oedematogenic activity. Braziliase-I and II (100 μg/mL) showed 31.5% and 33.2% of cytotoxicity on Trypanosoma cruzi and 26.2% and 19.2% on Leishmania infantum, respectively. Braziliase-I and II (10 μg) inhibited 96.98% and 87.98% of platelet aggregation induced by ADP and 66.94% and 49% induced by collagen, respectively. The acidic PLA2s biochemical and structural characterization can lead to a better understanding of its pharmacological effects and functional roles in snakebites pathophysiology, as well as its possible biotechnological applications as research probes and drug leads.
URI : http://repositorio.ikiam.edu.ec/jspui/handle/RD_IKIAM/172
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