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Título : Genetic and phenotypic diversity of Rhizobium isolatesfrom Southern Ecuador
Autor : Torres Gutiérrez, Roldán
Granda Mora, Klever Iván
Alvarado Capó, Yelenys
Sánchez Rodriguez, Aminael
Salazar Mogollón, Noroska Gabriela
de Almeida, José R.
Palabras clave : Phaseolus vulgaris
Diazotrophic bacteria
16S rRNA gene
Indole acetic acid
Fecha de publicación : 2017
Editorial : Universidade Federal de Lavras
Citación : Torres-Gutiérrez, R., Granda-Mora, K. I., Alvarado-Capó, Y., Rodriguez, A. S., Mogollón, N. G. S., & Almeida, J. R. (2017). Genetic and phenotypic diversity of Rhizobium isolates from Southern Ecuador. Ciência e Agrotecnologia, 41(6), 634–647. doi:10.1590/1413-70542017416008517
Resumen : Rhizobium-legume symbioses play relevant roles in agriculture but have not been well studied in Ecuador. The aim of this study was to characterize the genetic and phenotypic diversity of Rhizobium isolates associated with Phaseolus vulgaris from southern Ecuador. Morpho-cultural characterization, biochemical tests and physiological analyses were conducted to authenticate and determine the diversity of bacteria Rhizobium-like isolates. The genetic diversity of the isolates was determined by molecular techniques, which consisted of bacteria DNA extraction and amplification and sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene. The nodulation parameters and nitrogen fixation for P. vulgaris under greenhouse conditions were also assessed to determine the phenotypic diversity among isolates. Furthermore, bacteria indole-acetic-acid production was evaluated by the colorimetric method. Morpho-cultural and biochemical characteristic assessments demonstrated that Rhizobium-likebacteria was associated with the P. vulgaris nodules. The diversity among the isolates, as determined by physiological analyses, revealed the potential of several isolates to grow at different pH values, salinity conditions and temperatures. Partial sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene identified the Rhizobium genus in every sampling site. From a total of 20 aligned sequences, nine species of Rhizobium were identified. Nodule formation and biomass, as well as nitrogen fixation, showed an increase in plant phenotypic parameters, which could be influenced by IAA production, especially for the strains R. mesoamericanum NAM1 and R. leguminosarum bv. viciae COL6. These results demonstrated the efficiency of native symbiotic diazotrophic strains inoculants for legume production. This work can serve as the basis for additional studies of native Rhizobium strains and to help spread the use of biofertilizers in Ecuadorian fields.
URI : http://repositorio.ikiam.edu.ec/jspui/handle/RD_IKIAM/165
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